CHAPTER I LANDING OF CB's IN THE U. K., DATE, LOCATION AND WORK ACCOMPLISHMENT On 30 November 1942, the first section of the 29th Naval Construction Battalion arrived at U. S. Naval Base II, Rosneath, B\Dumbartonshire, Scotland; the second section arriving in December 1942. This battalion, the first Seabee unit arrived in Europe, was assigned the task of completing the construction of the Naval Bases in the United Kingdom, as follows: November 1942: U. S. Naval Base II, Rosneath, Dumbartionshire, Scotland. Completed projects which had previously been in progress under Contract NOY 4850, to include a marine railway, four work shops, 20 Nissen huts, BOQ, eight 10,000 barrel fuel tanks, two pumping stations and fuel lines, laundry, renovation of buildings for hospital, administration buildings, utilities and roads. January 1943: U. S. Naval Operating Base I, Londonderry, No. Ireland. Completed projects which had previously been in progress under Contract NOY 4850, to include 300,000 barrel tank farm, three pumping stations and fuel lines, three boiler houses, roads and services to dock, 150 foot dock, 50 Quonset huts, one recreation building, anti-aircraft emplacements, fencing. September 1943: U. S. Naval Supply Depot, Exeter, Devonshire, England. Provide storage buildings, offices shops, open storage area, hut camp, mess hall and galley, recreation buildings, Red Cross building, chapel, utilities, roads, walks and fencing. October 1943: U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Base, Plymouth, Devonshire, England. Construction of hut camp, galley and messing facilities, dispensary, recreation buildings, roads, walks and utilities. To supplement these Seabee forces, the 81st Naval Construction Battalion was ordered in two sections; the first arriving 26 August 1943 at Base II, Roseneath, and the second on 22 September 1943, relieving the 29th Constriction Battalion of maintenance and construction at Base II. The 13th Naval Construction Regiment was formed on 24 September 1943 to supervise the administration and to provide logistical support for Naval Construction Battalion forces in the U. K. The first section of the 97th Construction Battalion arrived during September 1943 at Base I, Londonderry, No. Ireland, relieving the 29th Construction Battalion. The second section arrived during October 1943, relieving the 81st Battalion at Base II, Roseneath, Scotland. The 97th Construction Battalion completed the construction of these two facilities, and in addition completed U. S. Naval Hospital at Netley, Hants, England. The 81st Battalion was then made available for construction of naval facilities as follows: October 1943: U. S. Naval Advanced Base and Hospital, Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Provided hut camp housing for 900 men, storage buildings, offices, shops, chapel, Post Office, galley, utilities, waterfront facilities and 200-bed hospital. U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Maintenance Sub-Base, Penarth, Glamorganshire, Wales. Provided quarters for 561 officers and men, hut camp for 120 men, messing and galley facilities, shops, buildings, utilities, offices, Red Cross Club, waterfront facilities and a 50-bed hospital. U. S. Naval Advanced Training Sub-Base, Fowey, Cornwall, England. Provided 1000-man hut camp, 500-man hut camp, shops, laundry, mess halls and galleys, warehouses, utilities, roads, and 150-bed hospital. November 1943: U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Base, Falmouth, Cornwall, England. Provided two 750-man hut camps, mess halls and galleys, recreation building, renovated hospital, utilities, 1000-man tent camp, galleys and septic tanks. U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Training Sub-Base, St. Mawes, Cornwall, England. Provided 264-man hut camp, recreation building, armory, shops, storehouses, gun mounts, renovated 12 hotels, water supply and utilities. Transmitter and Receiving Facilities, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England. Provided steel masts, antenna, underground and poll line transmission. January 1944: U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Base, Salcombe, Devonshire, England. Provided 120-man camp, galley and messing facilities, storage buildings, training building, shops, quay wall, hard for small boat repairs, mooring facilities for LCT's offices, garage, signal station, utilities, roads and walks. U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Base, Sandridge Park, Dartmouth, Devonshire, England. Provided 800-man hut camp, galley and messing facilities, hospital, hangar storehouse, storage buildings, gasoline storage, signal tower, renovation of hotels for quarters, and utilities. March 1944: U. S. Naval Construction Battalion Personnel Center, Heathfield, Devonshire, England. Tent camp, one N1-C Unit, warehouses, garage, armory, utilities, roads and walks. U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Base, Plymouth, Devonshire, England. Relieved the 29th Construction Battalion and completed the construction of sixty 20 x 48 huts, two storage huts, one hangar, messing and galley facilities. Recreation buildings, ordnance shop, ammunition storage, compass shop and utilities. April 1944: U. S. Naval Dispensary, London, England. Accomplished renovation and conversion of St. Catherine's School into Naval Dispensary. The second section of the 10th Special USNCB arrived in the U. K. during September 1943, and was utilized for movement and storage of cargo and materials at U. S. Naval Supply Depot, Exeter, Devonshire, England. On 12 February 1944, the 111th Construction Battalion reported for duty in the U. K. and was assigned the following tasks: February 1944: U. S. Naval Advanced Base, Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire, England. Construction of ways, Rhino Ferries and Rhino Tugs. February 1944: U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Bases, Plymouth, Dartmouth and Falmouth, England. Pontoon and Rhino Ferry construction program and training. U. S. Naval Base II, Rosenath, Dumbartonshire, Scotland. Camp maintenance and completion of camp construction until relieved by the 97th Construction Battalion. March 1944: U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Base, Plymouth, Devonshire, England. Training of 24 crews for Warping Tugs at Cattedown Quarry, Plymouth. The 1006th U.S.N.C.B. Detachment, formerly operating in the Mediterranean area on causeways, etc., arrived in the U. K. during December 1943 and was assigned duty with the 25th Regiment. Their special assignment was training for and operation of the causeways for the invasion beaches. The 146th Construction Battalion, a specialized P.O.L. unit, was formed outside the continental limits of the United States during February 1944. Their special task was planning and assembling P.O.L. material and equipment for requirements of captured ports in France. In addition, the 146th Construction Battalion completed the following assignments: April 1944: Efford Camp, U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Base, Plymouth, Devonshire, England. Provided two N1-C units, to include huts, galleys and messing facilities, recreation building, dispensary, transportation, utilities, roads and walks. The 25th U. S. Naval Construction Regiment was established on 1 April 1944 for the purpose of training, organizing and planning for invasion operations, and established headquarters at Plymouth, England (Figure 1). Regimental subordinate units were the 81st, 108th, 111th, 146th U. S. Naval Construction Battalions, the 1006th USNCB Detachment; and subsequently the 28th, 114th, 69th Battalions and the 30th Special USNCB. On 27 April 1944, the second section of the 97th Construction Battalion was detached and commissioned the 108th Naval Construction Battalion; moving to Selsey, Sussex, England. This battalion was assigned to providing crews and outfitting artificial harbor elements to be used in the invasion. The 28th Construction Battalion arrived in the U. K. on 27 April 1944 and was assigned the duties of preparing preliminary plans for the camps for Omaha and Utah Beaches and listing materials and equipment required for the construction and operation of the Beach Camps. These plans and lists were turned over to the 81st and 111th Battalions assigned to operate beach camp facilities. Reserve crews for the Rhino Ferries operating on Omaha Beach, drydock crews operating on Utah Beach and first captured port, and float crews operating on Utah Beach were furnished by the 28th Battalion. In addition to the above, the 28th Battalion made the preliminary study in connection with outfitting of the construction parties for Drew One and Drew Two. While in the U. K. the 28th Battalion also accomplished the renovation and rehabilitation of quarters for naval personnel at Teignmouth, Devonshire, England. The 69th Construction Battalion arrived in the U. K. on 30 June 1944 and reported for temporary duty with the 13th construction Regiment, at Plymouth, Devonshire, England, reporting to the 25th Regiment by letter for duty. Principal assignment was construction pontoon wharves for Quiberon Bay project. Their accomplishments in the U. K. have consisted of the following: July 1944: U. S. Naval Advanced Amphibious Base, Plymouth, Devonshire, England. Constructed tent site at Edinburgh Camp, constructed 42 x 1875' causeway and 56 x 156' Liberty berth as well as assembling Chrysler Sea Mule units, fabricating 250 stevedoring hooks. July 1944: U. S. Naval Air Station, Dunkeswell, England. Constructed 120 x 240' structural steel hangar. 30th Special USNCB (one-half battalion) arrived in the U. K. on 7 August 1944 reporting for duty with the 25th Regiment, and was assigned temporary duty with the 13th Regiment at Plymouth, England. They were engaged in the handling of cargo and the loading of vessels in the Plymouth Area. Duty with the 25th Regiment was completed on 4 November, at which time the 30th Special USNCB reported to COMPHIBSUKAY for duty.
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